In 1981, press secretary James Brady was wounded during an assassination attempt on president Ronald Reagan. Brady was shot in the head and became partially paralyzed; in the years since, he became a staunch gun control advocate.
On Friday, a medical examiner ruled Brady’s death a homicide, caused by the gunshot wounds he suffered more than 33 years ago. John Hinckley Jr., the gunman, may now be charged with murder.
(Photo: Zebowski [top] and Ron Edmonds / AP via the New York Daily News)
On July 2, 1964, with Martin Luther King, Jr., directly behind him, President Lyndon Johnson scrawled his signature on a document years in the making—the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the landmark legislation.
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the 1964 Civil Rights Act as Martin Luther King, Jr., others look on, 07/02/1964. (The Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library)
The first and the signature pages of the act will be on display at the National Archives Rubenstein Gallery in Washington, DC, until September 17, 2014. These 50-year-old sheets of paper represent years of struggle and society’s journey toward justice.
The most comprehensive civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction era, the Civil Right Act finally gave the Federal Government the means to enforce the promises of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. The act prohibited discrimination in public places, allowed the integration of public facilities and schools, and forbade discrimination in employment.
But such a landmark congressional enactment was by no means achieved easily…
Plus more on the Civil Rights Act of 1964:
- Don’t miss the new Civil Rights Act of 1964 Exhibit in Google’s Cultural Institute
- Events at the National Archives in celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act
- Teaching resources at The Struggle for Rights in America, via DocsTeach
- See all the pages of the Civil Rights Act in the National Archives online catalog
- Read about LBJ Champions and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Five beaches; 5,000 ships; 13,000 aircraft; 156,000 troops; Europe, freed from the grasp of tyranny. The D-Day Invasion, 70 years ago.
(Photos from top: Anthony Potter Collection / Getty Images; PhotoQuest / Getty Images; Robert Capa, Time/LIFE / AP; US Army / File via the New York Daily News)
Imagine not 300, not 3,000, not even 30,000, but 300,000 armed troops entering a city to put down a revolution.
It happened 25 years ago in China.
And murderous China acts like it never happened.
(graphic via the Los Angeles Times)
Lest we forget about the murderous Chinese government, which still censors and silences its own people today. (Photos: Philippe Lopez / Agence-France Presse [top, middle] and Vincent Yu / AP via the New York Times)
Albert Einstein with fellow physicists, engineers and scientists at the Marconi RCA Radio Station in , 1921.
"Marconi," said Einstein, "plays the mamba."
“I’d rather be beheaded than be a criminal in the eyes of history.”
Chinese Maj. General XU QINXIAN, defying Communist Party leadership’s orders to crack down on student protestors in Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989.
He was later arrested, imprisoned and now lives in a “sanitarium for military officers” in northern China.
If only others had followed through on the general’s defiance.
(via the New York Times)
Here’s rare film footage, shot by a professional baseball player, of a polio-stricken Franklin Delano Roosevelt walking, with assistance from an aide, to his seat at the 1937 All-Star Game.
The 1964 New York’s World Fair. (Photo: Vincent Marchese via The New York Times)
Colin Powell did selfies before they were cool. (via NBC News)
Gawker unearths the original New York Times article on the plight of Solomon Northrup, born free in New York then kidnapped into slavery down South, and whose story is told in 12 Years A Slave.
This document, drafted by the Montgomery Improvement Association, advised victorious bus boycotters on best practices for riding the newly integrated city bus system.
When the document was distributed on Dec. 19, 1956, the bus boycott had been going on for nearly 12 months. The MIA, headed by Martin Luther King, Jr., coordinated the boycott throughout.
As what had initially been a short-term campaign of a few days stretched into weeks and months, the MIA organized carpools and weathered bombings and legal challenges. African-American citizens walked miles to work, and marched in protest.
In June 1956, a federal district court ruled bus segregation unconstitutional; the Supreme Court affirmed the ruling in November 1956. The MIA waited until December to declare an end to the boycott, wanting to make sure that the ruling would be carried out in Montgomery. Dr. King signaled the official end of the boycott by boarding an integrated bus on Dec. 21, 1956.